Large surveys of galaxies have revealed a bimodal color distribution: most galaxies tend to be red or blue, leaving a gap in the middle known as the green valley. The authors of this paper use morphologies provided by the Galaxy Zoo project to show that not all galaxies take the same quick path through the green valley.
Small and massive compact galaxies are some of the hardest galaxies to find, but they could potentially reveal how galaxies evolved in the early universe.
The recent discovery of young stars in the Milky Way’s galactic bulge have raised new questions about galaxy formation. In this paper, a new simulation shows that such stars could be an outcome of natural evolution in the disc over time.
How do simulations of galaxy formation stack up against each other and against observations? Find out with the Aquila project, a comparo of many different codes in current use.
Has a multi-wavelength study of AGN across a large redshift range revealed that these energetic giants do not impact upon their host galaxy as significantly as previously thought?
Could the strange-looking irregular galaxies actually be remnants of the birth of galaxies? This paper demonstrates a method to find such galaxies.
Galactic bars have long been associated with many processes affecting galactic evolution. This paper studies how bars affect the star formation rate, mass and structure of a large sample of morphologically classified galaxies.
Magnetic fields are ubiquitous in the Universe. Everything including stars, solar systems, galaxies, galaxy clusters, and even large scale voids have magnetic fields. We know magnetic fields exist in the Universe, but have had a challenging time uncovering both their origin and evolution. Today’s astrobite discusses a recent paper exploring how magnetic fields evolved in young galaxies through computational simulations. It is one step further in unlocking the history of magnetic fields in our Universe.
The authors of this work report the discovery of the most distant, spectroscopically-confirmed galaxy found to date, which presently lies about 30 billion light years from Earth. The galaxy is being observed as it was at a time just 700 million years after the Big Bang, which is a mere 5% of the universe’s current age of 13.8 billion years.
The densest galaxy in the local Universe may have been found. M60-UCD1 is most likely a tidally-stripped remnant of a more massive progenitor galaxy. Strader et al. predicts that the progenitor of M60-UCD1 was ~ 50-200 times more massive, suggesting that it was once an elliptical galaxy that has been stripped of most of its mass.