In today’s paper, Čechura and Hadrava examine what happens to the runaway gas from the surface of massive stars—the stellar wind. In particular, they look at systems with massive stars so close to a companion neutron star or black hole that the stellar wind is jarred into a new orbit and heated to the point of emitting X-rays.
The El Gordo (in Spanish, “the fat one”), one of the most massive galaxy clusters observed, is an active merger of two large subclusters. Unraveling its dynamics provides insights into $latex \Lambda$CDM.
Only the combined effort of observational and theoretical methods can really bring us to a more thorough understanding of the Universe throughout all spatial scales. The authors of today’s paper use and adapt the moving-mesh fluid mechanics code AREPO to function with protoplanetary disks and test its imprint on the potential of planets to open up gaps in the surrounding gas.
Chondrules are among the oldest components of the solar system and give insight in the solar system’s earliest phase. But how are they formed? In shocks? That seems to be at least difficult.
Simulations show that the Oort cloud contains eight billion asteroids (in addition to hundreds of billions of comets). Do these asteroids pose a threat to Earth?
Those of us who love astrobiology get really worked up about the lack of Earth-sized exoplanets found at Earth-like distances from their stars. All we want, we who hope for lots of extraterrestrial life, is a bunch of Earth-like planets doing Earth-like things so we can feel better about the odds for lots of Earth-like life in the universe.
This month’s undergraduate research post features a student who created N-body simulations of star clusters. Read on to find out what she learned about the clusters’ evolution!
Spherical cows have a long and storied history in physics, but does this type of crude approximation lead to realistic conclusions in the case of star formation? The combination of large- and small- scale simulations tests this idea.
How well do the current methods of measuring the star formation rate of galaxies match then known star formation rate in simulations?