Orbiting our galaxy are many smaller dwarf galaxies. As they orbit, some of these galaxies produce vast streams of gas that stretch around our Milky Way galaxy. Much of this gas still has the potential for forming stars. This astrobite will summarize a recent discovery of one of these stars.
The authors use a cosmological simulation to characterize the rates at which galaxies form new stars.
Most binary stars probably formed at the same time, meaning all stars in the same system should have the same age. The authors of this paper analyze a stellar binary system where one star appears to be lying about its age, as one star appears 3 billion years older than its companion.
How do simulations of galaxy formation stack up against each other and against observations? Find out with the Aquila project, a comparo of many different codes in current use.
In today’s “astrophysical classic”, we delve into the seminal paper behind the Kennicutt-Schmidt relation, the empirical correlation between the star formation rate and gas density.
The undergrad research posts continue! This month’s post discusses the movement of stars over time, and the influence of galactic bars in triggering star formation.
The authors of this work report the discovery of the most distant, spectroscopically-confirmed galaxy found to date, which presently lies about 30 billion light years from Earth. The galaxy is being observed as it was at a time just 700 million years after the Big Bang, which is a mere 5% of the universe’s current age of 13.8 billion years.
Star formation is enhanced when two galaxies interact or merge. But what is the orbital extent of enhanced star formation in interacting galaxies? At which projected separation of the two galaxies does it disappear?
What causes the giant radio and gamma-ray bubbles inflated from our galactic center? This paper provides another good argument for star formation as the culprit.